The features of the light-responsive cyanobacterial CcaSR regulatory module that determine interoperability of this optogenetic device between Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas putida have been examined. For this, all structural parts were maintained but their expression levels and stoichiometry diversified by (i) reassembling them together in a single broad host range, standardized vector and (ii) subjecting the noncoding regulatory sequences to multiple cycles of directed evolution with random genomic mutations (DIvERGE).
Once transferred to P. putida, several clones displayed a wide dynamic range, insignificant leakiness, and excellent capacity in response to green light. Inspection of the evolutionary intermediates pinpointed translational control as the main bottleneck for interoperability and suggested a general approach for easing the exchange of genetic cargoes between different species, i.e., optimization of relative expression levels and upturning of subcomplex stoichiometry.
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